Red Alder catkins?

Discussion in 'Plants: Identification' started by StephenJK, Feb 23, 2020.

  1. StephenJK

    StephenJK Active Member

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    Can someone confirm that this is Red Alder? The growth habit doesn't seem quite right... found them growing in profusion, almost right out of the water in a sedge-dominated wetland. Could not find any alder leaves on the ground. Overstory is mostly maple with some hemlock and cedar around the margins.

    Location is Cascade foothills of Western WA (elev ~ 800 ft.).
     

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  2. Silver surfer

    Silver surfer Contributor 10 Years

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    Looks like Hazel to me. Corylus avellana...
    but as you are in USA maybe it is Corylus americana..or Corylus cornuta.
    These are the male flowers.

    I would suggest that you go back to look for tiny red bits...see link.....these are the female flowers and will confirm Hazel sp.

    corylus avellana female flowers - Google Search

    corylus americana female flowers - Google Search

    Corylus cornuta.female flowers - Google Search

    More here....

    Article - Hazels and Filberts in Seattle by Arthur Lee Jacobson

    Quote above....

    "Our Native Hazel

    The hazel native to the Seattle area, called in books the California or Western beaked hazel, is Corylus cornuta var. californica. It is one of the most common understory elements in the woods of the Seattle area. "
     
    Last edited: Feb 24, 2020
  3. StephenJK

    StephenJK Active Member

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    You may be right! You can see what I guess are leaf buds (?) in the 2nd photo. They don't really look like the buds on an alder. This definitely looked more like a shrub than a tree. I thought they were willows at first until I saw the catkins.
     
  4. Ron B

    Ron B Paragon of Plants 10 Years

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    The red branches belong to the dogwood the hazel is intermixed with.
     
    Sulev and Silver surfer like this.
  5. StephenJK

    StephenJK Active Member

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    Thanks Ron! Completely missed that there were two plants here.
     
  6. Michael F

    Michael F Paragon of Plants Forums Moderator 10 Years

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    Worth adding that most hazels pollinate a month or two earlier than most alders - here, Common Hazel has nearly finished, European Alder yet to start.
     

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