When I start seeds indoors, I have usually used a mixture of hanging basket mix, peat moss and perlite or vermiculite. It has worked well, but last year I got fungus gnats that I simply could not control - even though I made the top 1/4" solid perlite, and hung all sorts of pest-control strips, and sprayed regularly with fungus gnat spray - and in addition some fungus got into the mixture with disasterous results. So this year I am using pure soilless mixture - for those in this area, it is Mica Mix. I had hoped that the seeds contained enough nutrients for some significant growth, but one kniphofia reached 4" and when I accidentally moved it, it came right out of the soil - with no visible root - and so I fear that it must be transplanted at two weeks of age. Presumably that is or will be true of the other seedlings too. This will mean that I will have pots of soil for the gnats, and the benefits of the mixture will be lost. Plus the labor will be ghastly: I can plant 50 seeds in 5 minutes but I expect that transplanting them will take hours. Finally, I would expect a 99% mortality rate as I transplanted them. So here are my questions: 1. Does anyone have any successful ways of eliminating fungus gnats if I go back to using soil? 2. If I continue with my current process, will I really have to transplant soon after the seedlings emerge? If so, what is a good web site showing exactly how to transplant them without harm (I am rather weary of websites: I have been to dozens of how-to-prune-your-grapevine sites but none of them shows a vine that branches like mine do and so they are all useless to me; when I try to find out germination processes for different seeds I get sites that tell me anything from 15 C to 25 C temp, from do-not-cover to plant-1/2"-deep, from cold-stratify to plant-like-usual, from takes-one-week to takes-three-months, all for the same seeds...).