How do I stop male deer from destroying my newly-planted laurel hedges? I planted close to 100 in September, in large part thanks to the advice I got here. But this fall bucks did considerable damage to many of the trees by rubbing their antlers against the trunks, in many cases ripping off most of the branches and in other cases stripping off all the bark on stretches of the trunk. One tree had the top 18" snapped off. I understand that a solid 8 to 12 foot tall fence would be the best solution but I don't have the budget for that and in any event bylaws limit fences to 4 ft high. Any advice? I tried repellent but that didn't work (more multiple reasons). I've read that some people wrap trees in burlap but that seems more aimed at preventing eating not rubbing. I'm thinking of putting up a fairly simple 4 ft high rail fence (examples: www.pinterest.ca/dat1954/deer-fences/) with either two or three rails, the idea being that bucks are more likely to rub the fence than hop over and rub the hedges although this might be wishful thinking. The appeal of a rail fence is that it's the least expensive per linear foot and more horizontal rails can always be added if needed. Of course, the real problem is the 4 ft height limit (the municipality might approve a variance, too soon to say). FWIW, there's about 40 hedges at risk. Frustrating because I did a considerable amount of research on hedge choices and it was a major selling feature of the laurels that deer don't eat them. I never read anything about the risk to new trees of deer and tree rub. Any advice or thoughts?