Separate names with a comma.
Reminds Palicourea to me.
Looks like kudzu.
Or Armoracia... we have to see entire plant.
#3 - Onobrychis vicifolia
Galls on Veronica look similar, but leaves are different.
Gall midge on speedwell
Albino Epipactis helleborine.
Dryas of some kind, Rosaceae.
That's purely due to Kiev is two hour ahead of the UK :)
Prunus of some kind.
The first is Verbascum, looks very much like V.chaixii 'Album'
The second is Digitalis, perhaps D.ferruginea
Looks like Sisyrinchium striatum.
Tragopogon of some kind.
With that leaves I would suggest P.anserina s.l. (now Argentina anserina ?).
Looks like Spergularia of some kind.
Veronica, perhaps V.officinalis.
I thought about Asteraceae too. What about Heliopsis ?
Those flowers does not belong to that plant, I believe - there are a lot of them on the ground nearby.
It seems like your plant grows somewhere...
#2 - perhaps Schaueria
Looks like Parkinsonia.
Looks like chrysanthemums to me.